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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

1 edition of The small-pox epidemic of 1870-73 in relation to vaccination found in the catalog.

The small-pox epidemic of 1870-73 in relation to vaccination

by Donald Manson Fraser

  • 161 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by Spottiswoode, printers in London .
Written in English

  • Vaccination,
  • Smallpox, epidemiology

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby D. Manson Fraser
    ContributionsRoyal College of Surgeons of England
    The Physical Object
    Pagination24 p. ;
    Number of Pages24
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL26263218M

    Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by Variola virus, a member of the orthopoxvirus family. It was one of the world's most feared diseases until it was eradicated by a collaborative global vaccination programme led by WHO. As related in the previous Portals, Pattie’s story went like this: Pattie was still in jail in late when a smallpox epidemic broke out in Northern California. As it spread south, Echeandia.

      As the epidemic grew, so did the public clamour for vaccination, and , people were eventually vaccinated in South Wales. One of the last major European outbreaks was in .   Mr. Tucker, the author of [Scourge], talked about the origins of smallpox and how it spread throughout the world. He also talked about World .

      A quick glance at the U.S. small pox epidemic of offers a clue. At the turn of the 20 th century, the United States had managed to avoid a major smallpox epidemic for the better part of a.   In , the World Health Organization celebrated the eradication of smallpox (variola virus) from the globe [].Routine vaccination was discontinued for US military recruits in , but concerns about the possible use of variola virus as an agent of bioterrorism led to the reinstitution of a US Department of Defense smallpox vaccination program in December [].

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The small-pox epidemic of 1870-73 in relation to vaccination by Donald Manson Fraser Download PDF EPUB FB2

Texts All Books All Texts latest This Just In Smithsonian Libraries FEDLINK (US) Genealogy Lincoln Collection. National Emergency Library. Top American Libraries Canadian Libraries Universal Library Community Texts Project Gutenberg Biodiversity Heritage Library Children's Library.

Open Library. The history of smallpox extends into pre-history, with the disease probably emerging in human populations ab BC. The earliest credible evidence of smallpox is found in the Egyptian mummies of people who died some 3, years ago. Smallpox has had a major impact on world history, not least because indigenous populations of regions where smallpox was non-native, such as the.

The small-pox, so fatal, and so general amongst us, is here entirely harmless There is a set of old women, who make it their business to perform the. In Kenya, the same epidemic process occurred among the Maasai in both and after cattle epizoo- tics, when the Maasai came into extensive contact with Kikuyu [28].

The Kamba and Kikuyu both had sufficiently large and dense populations to keep small- pox endemically, and both had local markets which permitted the disease to circulate [29].Cited by:   The smallpox epidemic wiped out people in Boston, over 14 percent of the population. But it had yielded hope for future epidemics.

It also helped set the stage for vaccination. How The 'Pox' Epidemic Changed Vaccination Rules During the pox epidemic, public health officials and policemen forced thousands of Americans to. Smallpox And Vaccination Of Smallpox Words | 9 Pages. fortunate enough to survive. These scars would be forever remembered as the hallmark for the smallpox epidemic which tormented the world for over 3, years.

(Riedel “Deadly Diseases”). Black History Month: Onesimus Spreads Wisdom That Saves Lives of Bostonians During a Smallpox Epidemic February 3, Rene F. Najera In the early s, about a century before Edward Jenner conceived the idea of a smallpox vaccine based on the cowpox virus, smallpox was going through New England and other American Colonies.

Smallpox Vaccination and Other Modern Medical Care in Africa. Variolation, a traditional form of inoculation against smallpox, was practised in Africa well before colonial rule began. 12 The method was to pass the disease “from arm to arm”, as described in the following first-hand account by a Hausa woman recalling her childhood in the s, “They used to scratch your arm until the.

Books. How the Boston smallpox epidemic changed medicine, launched a free press and helped win the American Revolution. Living on Earth. Septem AM EDT. Jenner developed the first effective vaccine by working from a folk medicine story.

Later vaccines were not heat-stable (decayed at room temperature). The most modern vaccine, freeze-dried, was heat-stable (I would have called it "room-temperature-stable").

That enabled the creation and distribution of enough doses for the whole s:   1. Introduction. Smallpox is widely considered one of the most lethal of all human pathogens, and was also the first disease to be eradicated.

Vaccination was developed by Edward Jenner at the very end of the eighteenth century (Jenner, ), and reduced smallpox to a relatively minor cause of death in Europe by the mid-nineteenth r, smallpox still accounted for.

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. The last naturally occurring case was diagnosed in Octoberand the World Health Organization (WHO) certified the global eradication of the disease in The risk of death following contracting the disease was about 30%, with higher rates among babies.

To the Editor: Inmillions of New Yorkers received smallpox vaccinations, an accomplishment still appropriately held up as an example of public health planing and mobilization. Although now mythological, a review of the events of Aprilfrom copies of The New York Times (1,2), tells of a more recognizably human response: pushing, jawing, deceit, shortages, surpluses, and perhaps a.

Figure 1. Figure 1. Distribution of Smallpox Cases in Boston during the Epidemic of through Data are from the annual reports of the Boston Health Department. In Mayan. The Great Plains smallpox epidemic spanned throughbut reached its height after the spring of when an American Fur Company steamboat, the S.S.

Peter, carried infected people and supplies into the Missouri Valley. More t Indigenous people died along the Missouri River alone, with some bands becoming nearly extinct. A historical study evaluated maternal outcomes in pregnancy complicated by smallpox. The overall case fatality was estimated to be % (95% confidence interval [CI] –), and the proportion of miscarriage or premature birth was estimated to be % (95% CI –).

Vaccination before pregnancy reduced the risk for death. This, with other detail, lias been introduced on account of the relations of small-pox to vaccination and other conditions being so often made the subject of gross misrepresentation. E 1, Occasion of inquiry.

Course of inspection. “ Census.” [ P - ]. Personal inquiry. X Method of report. The small- pox epidemic. Smallpox Vaccine. The smallpox vaccine currently licensed in the United States is made with a virus called vaccinia, which is related to smallpox.

It does not contain the actual smallpox (variola) virus. Vaccinia causes the body to produce antibodies that protect against smallpox and several other related.

The history of smallpox holds a unique place in medicine. It was one of the deadliest diseases known to humans, and to date () the only human disease to have been eradicated by vaccination. The smallpox vaccine, introduced by Edward Jenner inwas the first successful vaccine to be developed. He observed that milkmaids who previously had caught cowpox did not catch smallpox.

The story of the last major small pox epidemic is the story of a civil liberties nightmare in the US and her colonies, the Phillipines and Puerto Rico. The smallpox vaccine is the most dangerous of all the vaccines, and citizens of the world were coerced into receiving the vaccination /5().Two weeks later, hearing that the smallpox epidemic would "nearly exterminate all the tribes on the coast," the Port Townsend paper concluded that it was better for the Indians "to die by small pox than whisky and civilised lust" (North-West,p.

3). The story reads almost like a novel, but is historically factual based on real events surrounding the discovery of small pox inoculation in the West. Many footnotes document the original sources. It's a book I like to reread periodically and give as a gift to my friend who enjoy this genre.